The 5th largest wine producer in the world with some 497,000 acres under vine. Wine has been made here since the mid-16th century, shortly after the Spanish conquest. The most important wine regions are located in the province of Mendoza, in the foothills of the Andes, West-Central Argentina. Here, Malbec particularly thrives in its adopted home. Thanks to the high altitude and low humidity, Argentine vineyards rarely face problems of insects, fungi, moulds and other diseases.