Basilicata is located in Southern Italy, almost completely landlocked between Campania and Puglia to the north and Calabria to the south, with small coastlines bordering the Ionian Sea to the east and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. It is one of the most mountainous regions in Italy, encompassing only 8% flat surface area, whilst 47% is mountainous and a further 45% is hilly terrain. Wine production in Basilicata is very small compared to the rest of Italy; less than 500,000 hectolitres are produced annually, of which 3% is DOC classified. The majority of the wine in the region is sold under IGT titles or as table wine. Much of the vine-growing in Basilicata takes place in the Vulture Massif to the north, an area rich in volcanic soils from the extinct volcano Mount Vulture nearby. Abundant summer sunshine and cool temperatures during harvest create ideal growing conditions for the region’s most prominent grape variety, Aglianico. Brought to the region by the Greeks over a thousand years ago, Aglianico was made into wine long before many native varieties in the north of Italy. After centuries of unrest, Basilicata has recently reestablished its winemaking roots, and now produces many respected wines derived from both Italian varieties such as Malvasia and Primitivo, and even some international varieties. Aglianico del Vulture, however, still remains the star of the region.