Bordering Germany and Switzerland , Alsace is located in a valley along the Rhine River. The region is divided into two parts: Bas-Rhin (to the North) and Haut Rhin (to the South) and has 3 major AOC’s; Alsace AOC, Crémant d’Alsace AOC and Alsace Grand Cru AOC. Most wine production comes under the Alsace AOC and is 90% white wine with the major grape varieties being Riesling, Pinot Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris, Sylvaner and Muscat. The principal red grape variety is Pinot Noir. Protected by the Vosges Mountains to the West, Alsace enjoys a myriad of differing soil types, a great deal of sunshine and low rainfall allowing the grapes to ripen fully. Here Riesling, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc and Gewurztraminer in particular all excel.